Instrument Rating


Before flight training

Ground School
FAA Written Exam

Stage 1

Instrument Flying

Basic Attitude Flying
Area Navigation

Stage 1
Stage 2

Terminal Procedures

Departure Procedures
Approach Procedures

Stage 2
Stage 3

Practical Test Prep

IFR Cross-Countries
Checkride Prep

Stage 3

Practical Test

Oral Portion
Flight Portion


  • 40 Hours of instrument flight training in actual or simulated conditions
    • Up to 20 hours of the required 40 hours can be performed in an Advanced Aviation Training Device (AATD) or
    • up to 10 hours in a Basic Aviation Training Device (BATD),
    • No more than 20 hours if you combine BATD and AATD
  • 50 Hours Cross-Country as PIC
  • A 250nm cross-country flight under IFR
  • Pass the FAA’s Instrument Rating – Airplane Aeronautical Knowledge Test
  • Pass the FAA’s Instrument Rating – Airplane Practical Test